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3. What climate change mainstreaming is about?

How to integrate climate change into project designs, assessments and management e.g. to plan for and support community coping strategies for more frequent floods and droughts? Key concepts & skills: • Water practiioners must keep in mind that climate change is not the only stressor that must be incorporated into their scenarios and risks based approaches; other stressors such as population growth have to be considered • When incorporating climate change, the basin’s priorities have to be kept in mind • Water practitioners should assess the additional resources required for the incorporation of climate change in their projects • Before being presented to decision makers, results of climate change predictions have to be properly packaged to avoid contradictions and misunderstanding • Climate change should not be run in parallel with, but as part of, the IWRM process

Recommended (Handbooks & Toolkits):

29.jpg Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation into Development Planning: A Guide for Practitioners (UNDP-UNEP, 2011)
A practitioners guide manual for mainstreaming climate change adaptation into national development planning as part of broader poverty-environment mainstreaming efforts. The present guide addresses this need for integrating climate change adaptation considerations into the work of the UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment Initiative (PEI). In addition, by building on PEI lessons in the field of poverty-environment mainstreaming in general, the guide can provide useful insights to adaptation specialists interested in mainstreaming their efforts.

30.jpg Stocktaking of Tools and Guidelines to Mainstream Climate Change Adaptation (UNDP, 2010)
The report provides a summary of existing tools and good practices from a range of organisations to guide development practitioners in their climate change mainstreaming efforts. The components and entry points of the mainstreaming process are explored; Key climate change adaptation and mainstreaming concepts are defined; and a comparative overview of existing tools and guidelines is provided.

31.jpg Climate Proof – A four step guide for coastal projects (UNEP, 2010)
This document is a manual produced by UNEP, in collaboration with UNDP, IUCN and Mangroves For the Future (MFF) Secretariat, to ensure that climate change adaptation considerations are included in all phases of the MFF initiative and projects (i.e. mainstreamed).The guide outlines a 4-stepped approach to help consider the potential impacts of climate change on project design and enhances the resilience and adaptive capacity of these projects.

32.jpg Incorporating Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation in Environmental Impact Assessments – Opportunities and Challenges (OECD, 2010): National governments and development agencies have invested considerable effort in recent years to develop methodologies and tools to screen their projects for the risks posed by climate change. However, these tools have largely been developed by the climate change community and their application within actual project settings remains quite limited. An alternate and complementary approach would be to examine the feasibility of incorporating consideration of climate change impacts and adaptation within existing modalities for project design, approval, and implementation such as. Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) are particularly relevant in this context.

Recommended (Case Studies):

Study to provide a common and basin‐wide understanding towards the development of a Climate Change adaptation strategy in the Danube River Basin (ICPDR, 2012): At the requests of the Danube Ministerial Conference 2010, the ICPDR has become active in developing a climate adaptation strategy. As an essential step in this ongoing process, this study on Climate Change in the Danube Basin and possible adaptation to it was prepared.

Mainstreaming processes for climate change adaptation: Collection of best practices (SPC, 2010): The main part of the report is the collection of 15 best practice mainstreaming processes from different sectors. It describes the process of mainstreaming, and is arranged according to the scope of the intervention: National level planning, institutional changes, sectoral mainstreaming, project level and learning and information sharing.

Mainstreaming Climate Change in International Water Projects: Implementation Workshop (UNDP, 2009): Compiled by the UNDP Pretoria Regional Center, Proceedings from a joint UNDP, IW:LEARN and InWEnt Learning Exchange on Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation in IW projects in March 2009 in Pretoria, South Africa.

Presentations from the October 2009 Mainstreaming Responses to Climatic Variability & Change While Improving Results-Based Management Workshops, 5th GEF Biennial IW Conference in Cairns, Australia:

Assisting communities identifying water management risks in a changing climate In the Solomon Islands
(Helen Ross, University of Queensland/International Water Centre)

Tools and methods used for assessing water management risks in a changing climate in Vanuatu
(Suzanne Hoverman, University of Queensland/International Water Centre)

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