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2. How to engage stakeholders constructively? What are the elements of a good process?

Key concepts & skills: • Multi-Stakeholder Platforms (MSP) • Credible and competent conveners • Appropriate scale, levels and resources • Political support and recognition of power • Deliberation, facilitation, inclusion, information and communication • Social contract between participants • Deliberation support tools such as scenarios

Recommended (Handbooks & Toolkits):

38.jpg NEGOTIATE: reaching agreements over water (IUCN, 2010)
Water practitioners are increasingly called upon to negotiate workable agreements about how to best use, manage and care for water resources. This guide makes the case for constructive engagement and cooperative forms of negotiation in dealing with complex water issues. It unpacks constructive approaches such as Multi-Stakeholder Platforms (MSPs) and consensus building, and finally focuses on the diversity of agreements which can be produced to regulate or encourage fairer and more effective water allocation and use.

Application of Integrated Water Resources Management in the Arab Region (UN-ESCWA, 2005)
These materials have been developed by the AWARENET network in the Middle East and cover 16 modules on various aspects of water resources management. The materials are readers and a foundation for education or training programmes.

47.JPG Advocacy Manual for Gender and Water Ambassadors (GWA, 2003)
This Advocacy Manual has been developed to assist members of the Gender and Water Alliance (GWA) who are involved in advocating for greater attention to gender issues within the water sector. Although the Manual is principally aimed at GWA members designated as Gender Ambassadors, it also provides useful information and guidance for staff from any government, civil society organisation or private sector organisation striving to recognise and address gender issues in their work and that of other organisations.

47.JPGLeadership and Facilitation Skills (DWAF, 2003)
This training manual from the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry in South Africa provides the participants with the necessary information to enable them to promote participation of all the relevant stakeholders and to facilitate the stakeholder interaction in the process. In addition, the participants will acquire the necessary skills to develop appropriate participative structures and to maintain the momentum and direction of Community Based Organisations, as well as community initiatives and interests. All of this information is given within the framework of IWRM.

Electronic Learning Guidebook on Participatory Irrigation Management (World Bank, 1998)
Participatory Irrigation Management (PIM) refers to the involvement of irrigation users in all aspects of irrigation management, and at all levels. This electronic learning guidebook is a self-paced learning tool for acquiring knowledge about PIM and how to implement and promote PIM at the country level. The intended users of this learning guidebook are task managers, staff of borrowing countries, irrigation managers, consultants, trainers, and NGO's

48.JPG Power tools for policy influence in natural resource management (IIED)
This website introduces a range of “how-to” ideas that marginalised people and their allies can use to have a greater positive influence on natural resources policy. The overall initiative set out to develop, test and circulate existing and new tools to bridge some of the key gaps in policy processes and content. These policy tools – tips, tactics and approaches – are designed to provide some practical help to people working to improve the policies and institutions that govern access to and use of natural resources.

Project 2586: Options for Strengthening Community Involvement in IWRM via Development and Implementation of a Partnership with the GEF Small Grants Programme

Project 2586: Development of a Results-Based Approach to IWRM in Pacific Island Countries, including Options to Strengthen Stakeholder Awareness of Indicator Frameworks and Monitoring and Evaluation Mechanisms

Project: 2571: Experience Note on Stakeholder Participation and Engagement: Fostering a Community of Interest in the ‘Distance Learning and Information Sharing Tool for the Benguela Coastal Areas’ Project (DLIST-Benguela)

Project 2131: Strategy to Promote and Strengthen Environmental NGOs Stakeholder Participation and Public Awareness of Pacific Oceanic Fisheries Management Issues

Project 1247: Experience Note on Stakeholder Involvement in the ‘Addressing Land-based Activities in the Western Indian Ocean’ Project (WIO-Lab)

Project 583: Experience Note on Stakeholder Involvement in the ‘Integrated Watershed Management of the Pantanal and Upper Paraguay River Basin Project

Recommended (Case Studies from the Global Water Partnership (GWP) – ToolBox section on
Participatory capacity and empowerment in civil society):

Africa: Tunisia: Reform of irrigation policy and water conservation; Kenya: Community management in Lake Victoria Drainage Basin; Egypt: The role of water users’ associations in reforming irrigation; Zambia: Working for wetlands, Kafue Flats; Kenya: Water for the Maasai; South Africa: Working for wetlands; Southern Africa: Institutional roles in the management of the Komati River Basin

Asia: Malaysia: Community and non-governmental organisation partnership in highland catchment management; Bangladesh: Compartmentalization for as an approach to flood management; Pakistan: Community action for equitable water distribution; India: A campaign for conservation of water bodies by water user groups; Thailand: Partnership policy in Songkhla Lake; Bangladesh: IWRM planning for Khulna-Jessore drainage rehabilitation project; Nepal: Groundwater development along with infrastructure establishment; China Hebei: Development and management of groundwater irrigation in Hengshui; Malaysia: Managing the Kinabatangan floodplains in Sabah; China Fujian: Innovative Water Resource Management Mechanism in Rural Communities;

Americas: Guatemala: Towards IWRM in the Basin of Lake Atitlán; Peru: Participatory regional development planning in municipality of Cajamarca; Trans-border management group for the conservation of the environment of the Goascoran River, Honduras and El Salvador;

Europe: Benelux: Farmer participation in water conservation; The Netherlands: Integrated approach for combating surplus flood water in the northern part of the Netherlands; Bulgaria: Creating a watershed council along Varbitsa river; Romania: Strengthening of water users associations; The Netherlands: Room for water In the Alblasserwaard / Vijfheerenlanden; Slovakia: Awareness raising for the protection of the Morava River floodplain; Estonia: Testing innovative public participation methods – citizens´ jury and focus groups; Romania: The Prut Basin wide-approach for nutrient reduction and cross border cooperation; Slovenia: Educational awareness campaigns in the Kamniska Bistrica River Catchment; Hungary/Romania: Development of flood protection in the Körös valley

Oceania: Australia: Public-private cooperation in the preservation of Gwydir wetlands in New South Wales

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